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WW1 Timeline - 1918

(From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopaedia)

1918

Dates

Events

January 8

Woodrow Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points.

February to September

Allied forces occupy the Jordan Rift Valley.

February 9

The Central Powers signed an exclusive protectorate treaty with the Ukrainian People's Republic as part of the negotiations that took place in Brest-Litovsk.

February 15-February 16

Battle of Rarancza.

February 18-March 3

Operation Faustschlag, last offensive on Eastern Front.

February 19

British begin their assault on Jericho.

February 21

The British capture Jericho.

Germans capture Minsk.

February 24

Germans capture Zhytomyr.

February 25

German troops capture Estonia.

February 28

Germans capture Pskov and Narva.

March 2

Germans capture Kiev.

March 3

At Brest-Litovsk, Leon Trotsky signs the peace treaty with Germany.

March 7

German artillery bombard the Americans at Rouge Bouquet.

March 8-March 12

Battle of Tell 'Asur.

March 8-March 13

Battle of Bakhmach.

March 21–April 5

First phase of the Spring Offensive, Operation Michael (aka Second Battle of the Somme). The Germans obtain a Pyrrhic victory.

March 21-March 23

The Battle of St. Quentin, first phase of Operation Micheal and of the Spring Offensive.

March 21-April 2

First Transjordan attack on Amman.

March 23–August 7

Artillery bombardment of Paris.

March 24-March 25

First Battle of Bapaume, a phase of Operation Michael.

March 25

First Battle of Noyon, a phase of Operation Michael.

March 26

French Marshall Ferdinand Foch is appointed Supreme Commander of all Allied forces.

March 26-March 27

Battle of Rosieres, a phase of Operation Michael.

Action of Khan Baghdadi.

March 27-March 31

First Battle of Amman, a phase Of The First Transjordan Attack.

March 28

Third Battle of Arras (aka First Battle of Arras (1918)), a phase of Operation Michael.

March 30-April 5

First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, a phase of Operation Micheal.

April 1

Royal Air Force founded by combining the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.

April 4-April 5

Battle of the Avre, final phase of Operation Michael.

April 7-April 29

Second phase of the Spring Offensive, Operation Georgette (aka Battle of the Lys). The results are disappointing for the Germans.

April 7-April 9

Battle of Estaires, first phase of Operation Georgette.

April 10-April 11

Third Battle of Messines, a phase of Operation Georgette.

April 12-April 13

Battle of Hazebrouck, a phase of Operation Georgette.

April 13-April 15

Battle of Bailleul, a phase of Operation Georgette.

April 17-April 19

First Battle of Kemmelberg, a phase of Operation Georgette.

April 18

Battle of Bethune, a phase of Operation Georgette.

April 24-April 27

Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, a phase of Operation Georgette.

April 25-April 26

Second Battle of Kemmelberg, a phase of Operation Georgette.

April 29

Battle of Scherpenberg, final phase of Operation Georgette.

April 30-May 4

Second Transjordan attack on Shunet Nimrin and Es Salt.

May 7

Treaty of Bucharest between Romania and the Central Powers. It will never be ratified.

May 10-May 11

Battle of Kaniow.

May 21

Ottomans invade Armenia.

May 21-May 29

Battle of Sardarabad, a phase of the invasion of Armenia.

Battle of Abaran, a phase of the invasion of Armenia.

May 24-May 28

Battle of Karakilisa, a phase of the invasion of Armenia.

May 27–June 6

Third Battle of the Aisne (aka Operation Blücher-Yorck, third phase of the Spring Offensive). After initial gains, the German advance is halted.

May 28

Battle of Cantigny.

May 29-May 31

Battle of Skra-di-Legen

June 1-June 26

Battle of Belleau Wood, part of the German Spring Offensive.

June 8

Action of Arsuf.

June 8-October

Germany interferes in the Caucuses.

June 9–June 12

Fourth phase of the Spring Offensive, Operation Gneisenau (aka Battle of Matz). Despite substantial territorial gains, the Germans do not achieve their strategic goals

June 13–June 23

Second Battle of the Piave: the Austro-Hungarian offensive is repelled.

June 30

Battle of Moreuil Wood.

July 4

Battle of Hamel.

July 14

Battle of Abu Tellul.

July 15–August 6

Second Battle of the Marne and last German offensive on the Western Front, which fails when the Germans are counterattacked by the French.

July 15-July 17

Champagne-Marne Offensive (consisting of the Fourth Battle of Champagne and the Battle of the Mountain of Reims), a phase of the Second Battle of the Marne. last phase of the Spring Offensive and last German offensive of World War I.

July 17

The Tsar and his family were shot early in the morning by the Bolsheviks.

July 18

Battle of Chateau-Thierry, a phase of the Second Battle of the Marne.

July 18-July 22

Battle of Soissons,a phase of the Second Battle of the Marne.

July 19

Battle of Tardenois, a phase of the Second Battle of the Marne.

August 8-November 11

Hundred Days Offensive, last offensive on Western Front.

August 8–August 12

Battle of Amiens, first phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

August 9-August 12

Battle of Montdidier.

August 13-September 3

Battle of San Matteo.

August 17-August 29

Second Battle of Noyon, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

August 21-September 3

Second Battle of the Somme(aka Third battle of the Somme), a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

August 21-August 22

Third Battle of Albert, opening phase of the Second Battle of the Somme.

August 21-September 3

Second Battle of Bapaume, a phase of the Second Battle of the Somme.

August 26-September 3

Fourth Battle of Arras (aka Second Battle of Arras (1918)), a phase of the Second Battle of the Somme

August 26-August 30

Fourth Battle of the Scarpe (aka Battle of the Scarpe (1918)), a phase of the Fourth Battle of Arras.

August 26-September 14

Battle of Baku, last Turkish offensive of the war.

August 31-September 3

Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin, a phase of the Second Battle of the Somme.

September 1-September 2

Battle of Peronne, a phase of the Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin.

September 2-September 3

Battle of Drocourt-Queant Line, final phase of the Second Battle of the Somme.

September 10

Battle of Savy-Dallon, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

September 12

Battle of Havrincourt, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

September 12-September 19

Battle of Saint-Mihiel, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

September 14

Battle of Vauxaillon, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

September 14-September 29

Vardar Offensive, final offensive on the Balkan Front.

September 15

The Allies (French and Serbs) break through the Bulgarian lines at Dobro Polje, a phase of the Vardar Offensive.

September 18

Battle of Epehy, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

September 18–September 19

Third Battle of Doiran, a phase of the Vardar Offensive, The Bulgarians halt the British and Greek advance.

September 18–October 17

Battle of the Hindenburg Line, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive. The Allies break through the German lines.

September 19–September 25

Battle of Megiddo. The British conquer Palestine.

Battle of Nablus, a phase of the Battle of Meggido.

Third Transjordan attack, a phase of the Battle of Nablus.

Battle of Sharon, a phase of the Battle of Megiddo.

September 22

The British capture Jisr ed Damieh in the Battle of Sharon.

September 25

The British capture Tiberias during the Battle of Sharon.

September 19

Battle of Tulkarm, a phase of the Battle of Sharon.

Battle of Arara, a phase of the Battle of Sharon.

September 19-September 20

Battle of Tabsor, a phase of the Battle of Sharon.

September 20

Capture of Jenin, a phase of the Battle of Sharon.

British capture both Afulah and Beisan during the Battle of Sharon.

September 20-September 21

Battle of Nazareth, a phase of the Battle of Sharon.

September 23

Battle of Haifa, a phase of the Battle of Sharon.

September 25

Battle of Samakh, a phase of the Battle of Sharon.

Second Battle of Amman, a phase of the Third Transjordan Attack.

September 26–November 11

Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the final phase of the Hundred Days Offensive and of World War I.

September 26-October 1

The British enter Damascus.

September 26

Battle of Somme-Py (Initial phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive).

Charge at Irbid, a phase of the Capture of Damascus.

September 26-September 27

British capture Deraa during the Capture of Damascus.

September 27

Battle of Jisr Benat Yakub, a phase of the Capture of Damascus.

September 27-October 1

Battle of the Canal du Nord, a phase of the Battle of the Hindenburg Line.

September 28-October 2

Fifth Battle of Ypres (aka Advance on Flanders), a phase of the Battle of the Hindenburg Line.

September 29-October 10

Battle of St. Quentin Canal, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

September 30

Bulgaria signs an armistice with the Allies.

Battle of Saint-Thierry (Initial phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive).

Charge at Kaukab, a phase of the Capture of Damascus.

Charge at Kiswe, a phase of the Capture of Damascus.

October 3-October 27

Pursuit to Haritan.

Battle of Blanc Mont Ridge.

October 8-October 10

Second Battle of Cambrai (aka Battle of Cambrai (1918)), a phase of the Battle of the Hindenburg Line.

October 14-October 17

Battle of Montfaucon (intermediate phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive).

October 14-October 19

Battle of Courtrai, closing phase of the Hundred Days offensive.

October 15

Battle of Mont-D'Origny, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

October 17-October 26

Battle of the Selle, closing phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

October 20

Germany suspends submarine warfare.

Battle of Lys and Escaut (Which included the Second Battle of Lys and the Battle of the Escaut), a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

Battle of Serre, a phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

October 23-October 30

Battle of Sharqat.

October 24–November 4

Battle of Vittorio Veneto. The Austro-Hungarian army is routed. The Italians enter Trent and land at Triest.

October 24-October 28

SecondBattle of Monte Grappa, beginning phase of Vittorio Veneto.

October 25

Battle of Aleppo.

October 29

Wilhelm Groener replaces Erich Ludendorff as Hindenburg's deputy.

Germany's Hochseeflotte mutinies.

State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs proclaimed.

October 30

The Ottoman Empire signs the Armistice of Mudros.

November 1

Battle of Chesne (Closing phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive).

November 1-November 2

Battle of Valenciennes, closing phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

November 3

Austria-Hungary signs the armistice with Italy, effective November 4.

November 4

Battle of the Sambre, closing phase of the Hundred Days Offensive.

Second Battle of Guise, a phase of the Battle of Sambre.

Battle of Thierache, a phase of the Battle of Sambre.

November 6-November 11

Advance to the Meuse.

November 9

Germany: Kaiser William II abdicates; republic proclaimed.

November 10

Austria-Hungary: Kaiser Charles I abdicates.

November 11

At 6 am, Germany signs the Armistice of Compiègne. End of fighting at 11 a.m.

Poland proclaimed.

November 12

Austria proclaimed a republic.

November 14

Czechoslovakia proclaimed a republic.

German U-boats interned.

3 days after the armistice, fighting ends in the East African theater when General von Lettow-Vorbeck agrees a cease-fire on hearing of Germany's surrender.

November 21

Germany's Hochseeflotte surrendered to the United Kingdom.

November 22

The Germans evacuate Luxembourg.

November 25

11 days after agreeing a cease-fire, General von Lettow-Vorbeck formally surrenders his undefeated army at Abercorn in present-day Zambia.

November 27

The Germans evacuate Belgium.

December 1

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes proclaimed.

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