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WW1 Timeline - 1917

(From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopaedia)

1916

Dates

Events

January 3-January 4

Battle of Behobeho.

January 9

Battle of Rafa. The British drive the Ottomans out of Sinai.

January 11-March 13

British raid the Ancre.

January 16

The German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sends a telegram to his ambassador in Mexico, instructing him to propose to the Mexican government an alliance against the United States.

February 1

Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare.

February 23

Second Battle of Kut. The British recapture the city.

February 23–April 5

The Germans withdraw to the Hindenburg Line.

March 1

Arz von Straussenberg replaces Conrad von Hötzendorf as Austro-Hungarian Chief of Staff.

March 8–March 11

The British capture Baghdad.

March 13-April 23

Samarrah Offensive, British capture much of Mesopotamia.

March 15

Russia: Czar Nicholas II abdicates. A provisional government is appointed.

March 26

First Battle of Gaza. The British attempt to capture the city fails.

April–October

Stalemate in Southern Palestine.

April 2-April 3

Australians attack Noreuil.

April 6

The United States of America declares war on Germany.

April 9–May 17

Second Battle of Arras. The British attack a heavily fortified German line without obtaining any strategic breakthrough.

April 9–April 12

The Canadians obtain a significant victory in the Battle of Vimy Ridge, part of the first phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

April 9-April 14

First Battle of the Scarpe, part of the first phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

April 10-April 11

First Battle of Bullecourt,part of the first phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

April 15

Battle of Lagnicourt, part of the Second phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

April 16–May 9

The Second Battle of the Aisne (aka Nivelle Offensive) ends in disaster for both the French army and its commander Robert Nivelle.

April 17-April 20

Battle of the Hills (aka Third battle of Champagne), a diversion to the Second Battle of the Aisne.

April 19

Second Battle of Gaza. The Ottoman lines resist a British attack.

April 22-May 8

Second Battle of Doiran.

April 23-April 24

Second Battle of Scarpe, part of the second phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

April 28-April 29

Battle of Arleux, part of the Second phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

April 29–May 20

Series of mutinies in the French army.

May 3-May 4

Third battle of the Scarpe, part of the second phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

May 3-May 17

Second Battle of Bullecourt, part of the second phase of the Second Battle of Arras.

May 5–May 15

Allied Spring offensive on the Salonika Front.

May 5-May 9

Second Battle of the Cerna Bend, a phase of the Allied Spring Offensive.

May 12–June 6

Tenth Battle of the Isonzo.

May 15

Philippe Pétain replaces Robert Nivelle as Commander-in-Chief of the French Army.

May 23

Battle of Mount Hermada in the Karst.

June–October

Operation Hush, British attempt to capture coast of Belgium fails.

June 7–June 14

Second Battle of Messines, The British recapture Messines Ridge.

June 10–June 29

Battle of Mount Ortigara.

June 12

Greece: King Constantine I abdicates.

June 13

First successful heavy bomber raid on London done by the Gotha G.IV.

June 25

First American troops land in France.

June 30

Greece declares war on the Central powers.

July 1–July 19

The Kerensky Offensive fails. It is the last Russian initiative in the war.

July 1-July 2

Battle of Zborov, a phase of the Kerensky Offensive.

July 6

Arab rebels led by Lawrence of Arabia seize the Jordanian port of Aqaba.

July 20

Corfu Declaration about the future Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

July 22-August 1

Battle of Marasti

July 29

Battle of Kiawe Bridge.

July 31

The Third Battle of Ypres (aka Battle of Passchendaele) begins.

July 31-August 2

Battle of Pilckem Ridge (Opening phase of the Third Battle of Ypres).

August 2-August 10

Battle of Rumbo.

August 6–August 20

Battle of Mărăşeşti.

August 8-August 20

Second Battle of Oituz.

August 15-August 25

Battle of Hill 70 (Initial phase of the Battle of Third Battle of Ypres).

August 16-August 18

Second Battle of Langemarck (Initial phase of the Battle of Third Battle of Ypres).

August 18–August 28

Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo.

August 20-August 26

Second Offensive Battle of Verdun.

September–October

Operation Albion. German capture of Oesel, Dago and Moon Islands.

September 1-September 3

Battle of Jugla.

September 8

Russia: General Kornilov's coup attempt fails.

September 20-September 26

Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (Intermediate phase of the Third Battle of Ypres).

September 26-September 27

Battle of Polygon Wood (Intermediate phase of the Battle of the Third Battle of Ypres).

September 28–September 29

Battle of Ramadi, Mesopotamia.

October 4

Battle of Broodseinde (part of the final phases of the Battle of the Third Battle of Ypres).

October 9

Battle of Poelcappelle (part of the final phases of the Battle of the Third Battle of Ypres).

October 12

First Battle of Passchendaele (part of the final phases of the Third Battle of Ypres).

October 15–18

Battle of Mahiwa.

October 23

Battle of Wadi Musa.

October 23-November 10

Battle of La Malmaison, delayed French attack on the Chemin des Dames.

October 24–November 4

Battle of Caporetto. The Austro-Hungarians and Germans break through the Italian lines. The Italian army is defeated and falls back on the Piave River.

October 26-November 10

Second Battle of Passchendaele (Closing phase of the Third Battle of Ypres).

October 27

Battle of Buqqar Ridge.

October 30

Italy: Vittorio Emanuele Orlando succeeds Paolo Boselli as Prime Minister.

October 31–November 7

Third Battle of Gaza. The British break through the Ottoman lines.

October 31

Battle of Beersheba (opening phase of the Third Battle of Gaza).

November 1-November 6

Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe.

November 2

Balfour Declaration: the British government supports plans for a Jewish "national home" in Palestine.

November 5

The Allies agree to establish a Supreme War Council at Versailles.

November 7

The October Revolution begins in Russia. The Bolsheviks seize power.

Charge at Sheria.

November 8

Armando Diaz replaces Luigi Cadorna as Commander-in-Chief of the Italian Army.

Charge at Huj.

November 9–December 28

First Battle of the Piave: the Austro-Hungarians and Germans try unsuccessfully to cross the river.

November 10

The Third Battle of Ypres (aka Battle of Passchendaele) ends in a stalemate.

November 11-December 23

First Battle of Monte Grappa, Austro-Hungarian offensive halted.

November 13

France: Paul Painlevé is replaced by Georges Clemenceau as Prime Minister.

Battle of Mughar Ridge.

November 14

Battle of Ayun Kara.

November 17

Second Battle of Heligoland Bight, North Sea.

November 17–December 30

Battle of Jerusalem. The British enter the city (December 11).

November 18-November 24

Battle of Nebi Samwil, a phase of the Battle of Jerusalem.

November 20–December 3

First Battle of Cambrai. A British attack fails and the battle results in a stalemate.

November 25

Battle of Ngomano, the Germans invade Portuguese East Africa to gain supplies.

December 1

Battle of El Burj, a phase of the Battle of Jerusalem.

December 7

The United States declares war on Austria-Hungary.

December 16

Russia signs a preliminary armistice with Germany.

December 20- December 21

Battle of Jaffa, a phase of the Battle of Jerusalem.

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