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WW1 Timeline - 1916

(From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopaedia)

1916

Dates

Events

January 5–January 17

Austro-Hungarian offensive against Montenegro, which capitulates.

January 6-January 7

Battle of Mojkovac

January 6-January 8

Battle of Sheikh Sa'ad, a phase of the First Siege of Kut.

January 9

The Gallipoli Campaign ends in an Allied defeat and an Ottoman victory.

January 10–February 16

Battle of Erzurum.

January 11

Corfu occupied by the Allies.

January 13

Battle of Wadi, a phase of the First Siege of Kut.

January 21

Battle of Hanna, a phase of the First Siege of Kut.

January 24

Reinhard Scheer is appointed commander of Germany's Hochseeflotte.

January 27

Conscription introduced in the United Kingdom by the Military Service Act.

February 5-April 15

Trebizond Campaign.

February 12

Battle of Salaita Hill.

February 21

The Battle of Verdun begins.

February 26

Battle of Agagia, Senussi rebellion suppressed by the British.

February 28

German Kamerun (Cameroon) surrenders.

March 1

Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare.

March 1–March 15

Fifth Battle of the Isonzo.

March 2-August 4

Battle of Bitlis.

March 8

Battle of Dujaila: a British attempt to relieve Kut failed.

March 9

Germany declares war on Portugal. Portugal officially enters the war.

March 11-March 12

Battle of Latema Nek.

March 18

Battle of Kahe.

March 18–April

Lake Naroch Offensive.

April 24-April 29

Easter Rising by Irish rebels for independence from the United Kingdom.

April 27-April 29

Gas attack at Hulluch.

April 29

The British forces under siege at Kut surrender to the Ottomans, first siege of Kut ends.

May 7-May 10

Battle of Kondoa Irangi.

May 10

Germany suspends unrestricted submarine warfare.

May 15–June 10

Austro-Hungarian Strafexpedition in Trentino.

May 31–June 1

Battle of Jutland between Britain's Grand Fleet and Germany's Hochseeflotte.

June 2-June 14

Battle of Mont Sorrel.

June 4

The Brusilov Offensive begins.

June 5

The Arab Revolt in Hejaz begins.

The HMS Hampshire is sunk off the Orkney Islands; Lord Kitchener dies.

June 10

Italy: Paolo Boselli succeeds Antonio Salandra as Prime Minister.

The Siege of Medina begins.

June 10-July 4

Battle of Mecca, Arabs capture the city.

June 30

Battle of the Boar's Head, diversion from the Battle of the Somme which began the next day.

July

Battle of Taif.

July 1

The Battle of the Somme begins.

July 1-July 13

Second Battle of Albert (Opening phase of the Battle of the Somme).

July 1-July 2

British capture Fricourt during the Second Battle of Albert.

July 2-July 25

Battle of Erzincan.

July 3-July 7

British and French capture La Boisselle during the Second Battle of Albert.

July 3-July 12

British and French capture Mametz Wood during the Second Battle of Albert.

July 3-July 17

British capture Ovillers during the Second Battle of Albert and Battle of Bazentin Ridge.

July 4-July 6

Battle of Kostiuchnowka.

July 7-July 11

Allies capture Contalmaison during the Second Battle of Albert.

July 8-July 14

British capture Trônes Wood during the Second Battle of Albert.

July 14-July 17

Battle of Bazentin Ridge (Initial phase of the Battle of the Somme)

July 14-September 15

Battles for Longueval and Delville Wood (Initial phase of the Battle of the Somme)

July 19-July 20

Battle of Fromelles (Initial phase of the Battle of the Somme).

July 23–August 7

Battle of Pozières (Initial phase of the Battle of the Somme)

July 24-August 8

Battle of Kowel.

August 3–August 5

Battle of Romani. Ottoman attack on the British in the Sinai peninsula fails.

August 6–August 17

Sixth Battle of the Isonzo. The Italians capture Gorizia (August 9).

August 6

Battle of Doberdo, part of the Sixth Battle of Isonzo.

August 9-August 18

First battle of Doiran.

August 24

Battle of Mlali.

August 27

Italy declares war on Germany.

Romania enters the war on the Entente's side. Her army is defeated in a few weeks.

August 27-December

Conquest of Romania by Central Powers.

August 27-November 26

Battle of Transylvania, a phase of the conquest of Romania.

August 29

Paul von Hindenburg replaces Erich von Falkenhayn as German Chief of Staff.

September 2-September 6

Battle of Turtucaia, a phase of the conquest of Romania.

September 3-September 6

Battle of Guillemont (intermediate phase of the Battle of the Somme)

September 5-September 7

Battle of Dobrich, a phase of the conquest of Romania.

September 6

The Central Powers create a unified command.

September 7-September 11

Battle of Kisaki.

September 9

Battle of Ginchy (intermediate phase of the Battle of the Somme)

September 12–December 11

Monastir Offensive, set up of the Salonika Front.

September 12-September 14

Battle of Malka Nidzhe, a phase of the Monastir Offensive.

September 12-September 30

Battle of Kaymakchalan, a phase of the Monastir Offensive.

September 14–September 17

Seventh Battle of the Isonzo

September 15-September 22

Battle of Flers-Courcelette (last offensive of the Battle of the Somme). The British use armored tanks for the first time in history.

September 17-September 19

First Battle of Cobadin, a phase of the conquest of Romania.

September 20

The Brusilov Offensive ends with a substantial Russian success.

September 25-September 28

Battle of Morval (part of the final stages of the Battle of the Somme)

September 26–September 28

Battle of Thiepval Ridge (part of the final stages of the Battle of the Somme)

September 29-October 5

Flamanda Offensive, a phase of the conquest of Romania.

October–November

First Battle of the Cerna Bend, a phase of the Monastir Offensive.

October 1–November 5

Battle of Le Transloy (part of the final stages of the Battle of the Somme)

October 1-November 11

Battle of Ancre Heights (part of the final stages of the Battle of the Somme).

October 9–October 12

Eighth Battle of the Isonzo.

October 19-October 25

Second Battle of Cobadin, a phase of the conquest of Romania.

October 24

The French recapture Fort Douaumont near Verdun.

November 1–November 4

Ninth Battle of the Isonzo.

November 13–November 18

Battle of the Ancre (closing phase of the Battle of the Somme)

November 18

The Battle of the Somme ends with enormous casualties and no winner.

November 21

HMHS Britannic sinks after hitting a German mine

Francis Joseph I, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, dies and is succeeded by Charles I.

November 25

David Beatty replaces John Jellicoe as commander of the Grand Fleet. Jellicoe becomes First Lord of the Sea.

November 25-December 3

Battle of Bucharest, a phase of the conquest of Romania.

November 28

Prunaru Charge, a phase of the Battle of Bucharest, Romanian cavalry desperately charge into enemy lines.

December 1

Battle of the Arges, a phase of the Battle of Bucharest.

December 1-January 18, 1917

Allies capture Yanbu.

December 5–December 7

United Kingdom: Prime Minister Henry Asquith resigns and is succeeded by David Lloyd George.

December 6

The Germans occupy Bucharest. The capital of Romania moved to Iaşi.

December 13

Robert Nivelle replaces Joseph Joffre as Commander-in-Chief of the French Army.

December 23

Battle of Magdhaba in the Sinai peninsula.

December 23-December 29

Christmas Battles.

December 27

Togoland is divided into British and French administrative zones.

December 29

Grigori Rasputin, Russia's éminence grise, is assassinated.

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