poppy field

South & West Yorkshire

(From Wikipedia, the free Encyclopaedia)




June 28

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, who was killed in Sarajevo along with his wife Duchess Sophie by Bosnian Serb Gavrilo Princip.

July 5

Austria-Hungary seeks German support for a war against Serbia in case of Russian militarism. Germany gives assurances of support.

July 23

Austria-Hungary sends an ultimatum to Serbia. The Serbian response is seen as unsatisfactory.

July 28

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. Russia mobilizes.

July 31

Germany warns Russia to stop mobilizing. Russia says mobilization is against Austria-Hungary only.

August 1

Germany declares war on Russia.

Italy declares its neutrality.
Germany and the Ottoman Empire sign a secret alliance treaty.

August 2

Germany invades Luxembourg.

Skirmish at Joncherey, first military action on the Western Front

August 2-26

Germany sieges and captures fortified Longwy "the iron gate to Paris" near the Luxembourg border, opening France to mass German invasion

August 3

Germany declares war on France. Belgium does not allow German arms through to the French border.

August 4

Germany invades Belgium to outflank the French army.

Britain protests the violation of Belgian neutrality, guaranteed by a treaty;
German Chancellor replies that the treaty is just a chiffon de papier (a scrap of paper).
The United Kingdom declares war on Germany.

The United States declares neutrality.

August 4–August 16

The Germans besiege and then capture the fortresses of Liège, Belgium.

August 5

Montenegro declares war on Austria-Hungary.

The Ottoman Empire closes the Dardanelles.

August 6

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

Serbia declares war on Germany.

August 7

The British Expeditionary Force arrives in France.

August 7–September 13

Battle of the Frontiers. The Germans obtain a victory against the British Expeditionary Force and France's Fifth Army.

August 7-August 10

Battle of Mulhouse, a phase of the Battle of the Frontiers.

August 9

Montenegro declares war on Germany.

The Togoland Campaign begins.

August 11

France declares war on Austria-Hungary.

August 12

The United Kingdom declares war on Austria-Hungary.

Battle of Haelen, a phase of the Battle of the Frontiers.

August 14-August 25

Battle of Lorraine, a phase of the Battle of the Frontiers.

August 16–August 19

The Serbs defeat the Austro-Hungarians at the Battle of Cer.

August 17

The Russian army enters East Prussia. Battle of Stalluponen.

August 20

The Germans attack the Russians in East Prussia, the Battle of Gumbinnen. The attack is a failure in addition to being a deviation from the Schlieffen Plan.

The Germans occupy Brussels.

Battle of Morhange, a phase of the Battle of Lorraine.

Battle of Sarrebourg, a phase of the Battle of Lorraine.

August 21

Battle of Charleroi, a phase of the Battle of the Frontiers.

August 21-August 23

Battle of the Ardennes, a phase of the Battle of the Frontiers.

August 22

Austria-Hungary declares war on Belgium.

August 23

Japan declares war on Germany.

Battle of Mons, a phase of the Battle of the Frontiers.

August 23–August 30

Battle of Tannenberg: the Russian army undergoes a heavy defeat by the Germans.

August 23–September 11

Battle of Lemberg. The Russians capture Lviv.

August 23–August 25

Battle of Kraśnik, a phase of the Battle of Lemberg. The Austro-Hungarian First Army defeats the Russian Fourth Army.

August 24

Action of Elouges.

Battle of the Mortagne, a phase of the Battle of Lorraine.

August 24–September 7

The Germans besiege and capture the Maubeuge Fortress.

August 24-September 28

The Allied Great Retreat to the River Marne.

August 25

Japan declares war on Austria-Hungary.

August 26

British and French forces conquer Togoland, a German protectorate in West Africa.

Battle of Le Grand Fayt.

August 26–August 27

Battle of Le Cateau. Allied retreat.

August 26-August 30

Battle of Gnila Lipa, a phase of the Battle of Lemberg.

August 26-September 2

Battle of Komarow, part of the Battle of Lemberg.

August 27

Battle of Étreux.

August 27–November 7

Battle of Tsingtao: British and Japanese forces capture the German-controlled port of Tsingtao in China.

August 28

The Royal Navy wins the First Battle of Heligoland Bight, North Sea.

August 29–August 30

Battle of Saint Quentin, aka Battle of Guise. Orderly Allied retreat.

August 30

New Zealand occupies German Samoa (later Western Samoa).

September 1

Action at Nery

September 2–September 11

Austro-Hungarian defeat at the Battle of Rava Russka, a phase of the Battle of Lemberg.

September 4-September 13

Battle of Grand Couronne, a phase of the Battle of the Frontiers.

September 5–September 12

First Battle of the Marne. The German advance on Paris is halted, marking the failure of the Schlieffen Plan.

Battle of the Ourcq, a phase of the First Battle of the Marne.

Battle of the Two Morins.

September 6-September 12

Battle of the Marshes of Saint-Gond, a phase of the First Battle of the Marne.

Battle of Vitry, a phase of the First Battle of the Marne.

Battle of Revigny, a phase of the First Battle of the Marne.

September 6-October 4

Battle of Drina.

September 7–September 14

First Battle of the Masurian Lakes: The Russian Army of the Neman withdraws from East Prussia with heavy casualties.

September 9

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg lays out Germany's war aims.

September 11

Australian forces occupy German New Guinea.

September 13

Troops from South Africa begin invading German South-West Africa.

September 13–September 28

The First Battle of the Aisne ends in a substantial draw. The Race to the Sea begins.

September 14

Erich von Falkenhayn replaces Helmuth von Moltke the Younger as German Chief of Staff.

September 19-October 11

Battle of Flirey

September 20

Battle of Zanzibar, German naval victory.

September 22-September 26

First Battle of Picardy.

September 24

The Siege of Przemyśl begins

September 25-September 29

First Battle of Albert

September 28–October 10

The Germans besiege and capture Antwerp, Belgium.

September 29–October 31

Battle of the Vistula River, aka Battle of Warsaw.

October–July 11, 1915

Battle of Rufiji Delta, German cruiser Königsberg destroyed.

October 1-October 4

First Battle of Arras.

October 9-November 1

Central powers control Belgrade.

October 10-November 2

Battle of La Bassee.

October 12-November 2

First Battle of Messines.

October 13-November 2

Battle of Armentieres.

October 16–October 31

Battle of the Yser. French and Belgian forces secure the coastline of Belgium.

October 19–November 22

The First Battle of Ypres ends the Race to the Sea. The Germans are prevented from reaching Calais and Dunkirk.

November 1

Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.

Battle of Coronel. Von Spee's German cruiser squadron defeats a Royal Navy squadron under Christopher Cradock.

November 2

The United Kingdom begins the naval blockade of Germany.

November 2-November 16

Bergmann Offensive, first military engagement in the Caucuses of the First World War.

November 3

Montenegro declares war on the Ottoman Empire.

Battle of Kilimanjaro.

November 3–November 5

Von Lettow-Vorbeck's German colonial forces defeat the British at the Battle of Tanga, German East Africa.

November 5

France and the United Kingdom declare war on the Ottoman Empire.

November 6

Fao Landing, British and Indians besiege the fortress at Fao.

November 9

Battle of Cocos, northeast Indian Ocean. The Australian cruiser Sydney destroys the German cruiser Emden.

November 11

Sultan Mehmed V declares Jihad on the Allies.

November 11-November 21

Battle of Basra.

November 11–December 6

Battle of Łódź (aka Silesian Offensive).

November 16-December 15

Battle of Kolubara, Austro-Hungarians leave Serbia.

December–January, 1915

First Battle of Artois.

December 1-December 13

Battle of Limanowa.

December 3-December 9

Battle of Qurna.

December 8

Battle of the Falklands. Von Spee's German cruiser squadron is defeated by the Royal Navy.

December 10

Hill 60 captured by the Germans.

December 16

The German fleet shells Scarborough and Hartlepool, England.

December 18-December 22

Battle of Givenchy.

December 20

Fighting begins at Perthes.

December 20–17 March 1915

First Battle of Champagne.

December 22

Fighting begins at Noyon.

December 22–January 2, 1915

The Russians win the Battle of Sarikamis, Caucasia.

December 24-December 25

In some sectors of the Western Front, an unofficial Christmas truce is observed between German and British forces.

December 25-January 18, 1915

Battle of Ardahan.